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Ethical Principles in Research

Ethical Principles in Research - Ethical Principles in...

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Ethical Principles in Research Ethical Principles in Research When designing their research, psychologists must weigh the knowledge and possible applications to be gained against potential risks to research participants. To safeguard the rights of participants, researchers must adhere to ethical standards set by government regulations and national psychological organizations. Animal subjects must also be treated in accord with established ethical guidelines. At academic and research institutions, special committees review the ethical issues involved in research proposals. If a proposed study is considered ethically questionable, it must be modified or the research cannot be conducted. E THICAL D D ILEMMAS The Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association (APA) was first published in 1953. The current code (APA, 2002) builds on work by international and national commissions charged with developing ethical guidelines for biomedical and behavioral research. The APA code sets forth five broad ethical principles that represent ideals toward which all psychologists should strive. These principles include: Page 36: Beneficence: seeking to benefit other people Responsibility: performing professional duties with utmost care Integrity: being honest and accurate Justice: enhancing all people's access to the benefits of psychological knowledge Respect: respecting people's dignity and rights to confidentiality and self-determination (APA, 2002) E THICAL STANDARDS STANDARDS IN HUMAN RESEARCH The APA's Ethics Code also provides dozens of specific guidelines for psychological activities, including research (Figure 2.7). According to the ethical standard of informed consent , before people agree to participate in research, they should be informed about:
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