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Motor Learning07 - Negative transfer affects are typically...

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Unformatted text preview: Negative transfer affects are typically temporary ; they are usually overcome rather quickly with practice Zero transfer - experience with a previous skill has no influence on the learning of a new skill - learning to swim and learning to drive a car The transfer of learning concept is very important in the teaching of motor skills - teaching basic swimming strokes using dry land drills before letting students try the strokes in the water, using a pitching machine to teach hitting in baseball, etc. Bilateral transfer of learning - involves the improvement in performance of one limb as a result of practice with the opposite limb. This is important in motor skills such as dribbling a basketball, kicking a soccer ball, etc. Available evidence indicates that greater transfer can be expected to occur from the preferred limb to the nonpreferred limb. Bilateral transfer effects are the result of both cognitive and motor factors. Results indicate that bilateral transfer occurs faster when one limb is practiced to a reasonable degree of proficiency before practice is begun with the other limb. PRACTICE A. Amount and Variety of Practice The purpose of practicing a skill is to learn to perform that skill in situations where you will in some way be tested. Establish practice conditions that will lead to maximum test performance. It is essential to have a variety of practice experiences involving variations of the skill being learned so that a person can successfully perform the skill in a variety of performance situations. ...
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