chapter 12 notes

chapter 12 notes - Chapter 12 News and Information Whats...

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Chapter 12 News and Information What’s Ahead? • Press Fights for Independence • Wire Services Use Cooperative and For-Profit Systems • Civil War Brings Accreditation and Photojournalism • Tabloid News Takes Over • Newsreels Bring Distant Events to American Moviegoers Radio Broadcasts the Sounds of World War II • Television News Enters Its Golden Age • Television News Changes the Nation’s Identity • TV News Expands and Contracts • Iraq War Produces “Embedded” Reporters • The Internet Changes the News • Information Access Creates a News Evolution • Journalists at Work • Reality Shows and Advertising Blur the Line • How the Public Perceives the Press • Journalists Embrace Specific News Values • Journalists Fight to Keep Sources Confidential • Credibility Attracts the Audience Chapter Outline I. Introduction A. Today’s news delivery is the result of the tug-of-war between the public (as audiences define the types of news they want) and the news media (as they try to deliver it). II. Press Fights for Independence A. QUESTION: Should there be freedom of the press as is assured by the US Constitution? B. Publick Occurrences, published by Benjamin Harris in Boston in 1690, is often called America’s first newspaper, though it published only one issue before being shut down by authorities. B. The nation’s first consecutively issued newspaper was The Boston News-Letter, which editor John Campbell first published in 1704. C. From 1704 until the Civil War, newspapers spread throughout the country. D. The invention of the telegraph (1844) meant news could be transmitted in minutes.
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III. Wire Services Use Cooperative and For-Profit Systems A. QUESTION: Should news be controlled by private business? B. In 1848, six New York newspapers decided to share the cost of gathering foreign news by telegraph. 1. The New York Associated Press, now Associated Press (AP), was born. a. It was the first cooperative news gathering association. B. United Press, founded in 1884 to compete with the AP, was a privately owned, for-profit wire service. C. Today, wire services all over the world are called news services and use satellites and computers, producing almost instantaneous news. D. Some U.S. newspaper organizations also run their own news services. IV. Civil War Brings Accreditation and Photojournalism A. QUESTION: Does the government have a right to control the flow of news to it’s people? B. Accreditation and photojournalism were two important results of Civil War reporting. 1. Accreditation began in 1861 when a Union general forbade telegraph companies from transmitting military information because he was afraid some stories would help the South. 2. President Abraham Lincoln intervened to compromise the needs of the press with the
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2011 for the course COMM 1301 taught by Professor Tj during the Spring '11 term at HCCS.

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chapter 12 notes - Chapter 12 News and Information Whats...

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