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Unformatted text preview: /Chapter 15 Ethics Whats Ahead? Ethics Define Responsibilities Truthfulness Affects Credibility Fairness Means Evenhanded Privacy Involves Respect Responsibility Brings Trust Five Philosophical Principles Govern Journalistic Ethics Medias Ethical Decisions Carry Consequences Professional Associations Proscribe Conduct Media Respond to Criticism Professional Ethics Preserve Media Credibility Chapter Outline I. Introduction A. Journalistic ethics have been eroding for many years 1. There was a time when there was an unwritten code of behavior for journalist when it came to private facts of public figures 2. homosexuality (Rock Hudson, Danny Kaye, Liberache) 3. Kennedy whitehouse trysts with Marylin Monroe B. Esquire magazine, journalist Anthony Brandt (p. 313) 1. modern attitude: tabloid journalism sells, the more salatious the better 2. public has a right and responsibility to know press has a right to do whatever it takes, right or wrong, to get a story and not be prosecuted for it 3. Theses are cynical times, but even today, journalists need to watch out because there are always some kind of consequences II. Ethics Define Responsibilities A. ethics Greek word ethos, the rules or standards that govern someones conduct B. not usually a matter of law a matter of self-regulated behavior by journalist B. 1 st Amendment protection given to the press comes with an implicit set of special obligations for the privilege of a free press (i.e., professional ethics). C. poor ethical judgments 1. because they work hastily 2. want to be recognized for breaking the story 3. dont have sufficient information to know the truth or are insensitive to the consequences of their actions. 4. fierce competition D. Ethical dilemmas faced by the media can be described using four categories: 1. truthfulness Misrepresentation (falsehood) 2. fairness Insider friendships (bias) 3. privacy Reporting personal information (invasion of privacy) 4. responsibility Staging sensational events (acting irresponsibly) III. Truthfulness A. Truthfulness in reporting includes factual accuracy, but also not misrepresenting the people in a story or the underlying motives of those people, or of journalists. B. Challenges to truthfulness or factual accuracy in reporting include: 1. Hidden Motives or Sponsors: a. Armstong Williams: synd. Columnist recd 250k to support No Child Left Behind 2. Misrepresentation (of people or situations) a. Stephen Glass, TNR Hack Heaven et all (26 of 41 articles false) 3. Disinformation (government officials using media for their own ends) a. October 1986 August 1986 the Reagan administration had launched a disinformation campaign to scare Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi. (US Invasion) IV. Fairness A. Fairness implies that the journalist has nothing personal to gain from a report and there are no hidden benefits to reporter or source from a storys being presented or not presented. hidden benefits to reporter or source from a storys being presented or not presented....
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- Spring '11