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chapter7notes - Chapter 7 Movies Whats Ahead? Movies Mirror...

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Chapter 7 Movies What’s Ahead? • Movies Mirror the Culture • Inventers Capture Motion on Film • Filmmakers Turn Novelty into Art • Studio System Flourishes • Movies Become Big Business • Big Five Studios Dominate • Labor Unions Organize Movie Workers • Movies Glitter During the Golden Age • Congress and the Courts Change Hollywood • Movies Lose Their Audience to Television • Movies and Money Today • Movies at Work • Digital Technology Drives the Business • International Markets Bring Concentrated Power Chapter Outline I. Introduction A. The movie industry accounts for a smaller amount of media income than newspapers, television or books, though its celebrities capture a great deal of attention. B. Most movies lose money and depend on audiences to succeed. II. Movies Mirror the Culture A. Movies mirror the society that creates them. B. Like other media industries, the movie industry has had to adapt to changing technology. III. Inventers Capture Motion on Film A. The motion picture camera and projector were part of the Industrial Revolution’s inventions. B. Six people were involved in the evolution of the moving image. 1. In 1877, Eadweard Muybridge used multiple cameras on a race track to help railroad millionaire Leland Stanford win a bet that all four of a horse’s feet simultaneously leave the ground as it trots.
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2. In 1882, Étienne Jules Marey developed a photographic gun camera that could take 12 photographs on one plate (the first motion picture camera). 3. 1884: George Eastman flexible film 3. Thomas Edison and his associate, William K. L. Dickson ( Kinetograph camera better ), created the kinetoscope, a film projector in a 2-by-4-foot box with a peephole. a. In 1894, the first kinetoscope parlor opened in New York City; for 25 cents, people could see ten different 90-second black-and-white films. 4. Cinematographe: In France, Auguste and Louis Lumière improved on the kinetoscope by developing an improved camera and projector, which could show film on a large screen. C. In 1896, four months after the Lumière premiere, Edison’s new projector, the Vitascope, was used for America’s first public showing of a motion picture. D. In 1900, there were more than 600 nickelodeons in New York City, with more than 300,000 daily admissions. Each show lasted about 20 minutes. E. Edison was successful in licensing theaters to use his projectors and films. His major competitor was Biograph, which made a better motion picture camera. F. In 1908, Biograph signed an agreement with Edison, forming the Motion Pictures Patents Company (MPPC). IV. Filmmakers Turn Novelty into Art A. Two innovative filmmakers are credited with turning film from pure novelty into art. 1. Georges Méliès added fantasy via camera tricks
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chapter7notes - Chapter 7 Movies Whats Ahead? Movies Mirror...

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