Glossary of Isms

Beliefofsocialscientistsbasedonthelate18thcenturyworks

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Unformatted text preview: nce
of
the
non‐West
through
economic
 exploitation
and
political
rule,
guided
by
economic
interest
and
sometimes
a
sense
 of
obligation
to
“civilize”
native
peoples.

It
is
distinct
from
colonialism,
which
 usually
implied
establishment
of
permanent
settler
communities.

 Islamic
Revivalism
 Leninism
 Liberal
Democracy
 Liberalism
 Liberation
Theology
 Maoism
 Marxism
 Mixed
Economy
 Modernization
 Nationalism
 A
large
number
of
movements
in
Islamic
lands
that
promote
a
return
to
the
Quran
 (sacred
scripture)
and
the
Sharia
(Islamic
Law)
as
a
guide
to
public
as
well
as
 private
life,
often
in
opposition
to
key
elements
of
Western
secular
culture.
 
 Belief
that
an
elite
group
of
dedicated
Marxist
revolutionaries
is
necessary
to
lead
 the
revolution
and
to
govern
after
the
capitalist
system
collapses.
 
 Form
of
representative
democracy
where
the
political
power
of
the
government
is
 moderated
by
a
constitution
that
protects
the
rights
and
freedoms
of
individuals
 and
minorities
(also
called
constitutional
liberalism).
The
constitution
therefore
 places
constraints
on
the
extent
to
which
the
will
of
the
majority
can
be
exercised.


 Liberal
Democracies
strive
to
protect
the
rights
and
interests
of
individuals.
 
 Economic
and
political
ideology
that
emphasizes
free
trade,
representative
 government,
laws
to
protect
freedoms,
and
individual
rights,
such
as
freedom
of
 speech
and
r...
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2011 for the course SSC 305 taught by Professor Null during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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