Glossary of Isms

Glossary of Isms

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Unformatted text preview: eligion,
as
the
best
means
of
promoting
social
and
economic
 improvement.

Liberals
typically
believe
in
effecting
rapid,
substantial,
and
 progressive
change
in
the
existing
order.
Adherents
to
this
ideology
usually
use
 legal
and
institutions
to
achieve
their
goals.
 
 20th
and
21st
century
Christian
movement
in
Latin
America
and
elsewhere,
 particularly
among
Catholics,
that
argues
that
need
for
Christians
to
engage
in
the
 pursuit
of
social
justice
and
human
rights.

Its
combines
some
elements
of
Marxism
 with
Catholic
theology.
 
 Marxist
ideology
influenced
by
Mao
Zedong
heavily
that
emphasized
populism
and
 traditional
Chinese
values.
Mao
substituted
the
dormant
power
of
the
peasantry
 (discounted
by
traditional
Marxists)
for
the
urban
proletariat
hat
China
largely
 lacked.
The
Maoist
faith
in
revolutionary
enthusiasm
and
the
positive
value
of
the
 peasants’
lack
of
sophistication
as
opposed
to
technological
or
intellectual
elites
 fueled
the
Great
Leap
Forward
of
the
1960s
and
the
Cultural
Revolution
of
the
 1960s
and
70.
The
disastrous
consequences
of
both
upheavals
led
Mao’s
successors
 to
abandon
Maoism
as
counterproductive
to
economic
growth
and
social
order.

 However,
insurgent
guerrilla
groups
worldwide
in
underdeveloped
regions
have
 embraced
Maoism.

 Ideology
based
on
the
fundamental
assumption
that
society
and
history
is
 economically
determi...
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This note was uploaded on 08/06/2011 for the course SSC 305 taught by Professor Null during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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