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RLG100- Lecture 2 - MAX MU E L L E R Translated and edited...

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M AX M UELLER - Translated and edited some the " S ACRED B OOKS OF THE E AST " = didn't translate all (50 vol set) from Sanskrit to German/English - Believed the oldest scriptures in the world were T HE V EDAS (Hindu tradition). He said if we want to understand the phenomenon of religion we need to look at these oldest texts. - theory: 1. Through his study of these, he concluded that religion was a way of explaining natural phenomenon, as human beings developed religion because they are too weak to understand natural causes. He said they ended up ascribing terms to these phenomena (fire, wind, sky, rain etc.) and eventually people’s sense of awe at natural phenomenon morphed into a reverence of these phenomenon’s and were represented as deities.2.Believed religion was a disease of language J AMES F RAIZIER (British) - Religious sentiment in magic. Religion is sustained by the mystery of the unexplained - Hhumans tried various ways to affect the world around them (such as weather) through prayers and rituals. They are really ways of trying to control the universe
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