Classics Final Review

Classics Final Review - From Hellenism to Rome Begin: Fall...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: From Hellenism to Rome Begin: Fall of Alexander the Great; End: Rise of Octavian Alexander the Great transformed ancient world o Hellenism: mix of culture, urbanism + religions o Embraced Persian culture The Hellenistic World o Legacy of classical city Athens had a lot to offer while Sparta did not o New foundations east + west o Colonies: Alexandria, Antiochia, Selecia: many settlers army carried own beliefs Greek language o Converging of architecture traditions o Greek language + gods : Hellenization o Hellenism + local traditions: The Greek East o Politics + urbanism Greek was lingua franca for Rome ( in east too) Adoption of local customs and deities Columinated streets main street (n-s) adopted in Hellenistic cities: channel traffic + monumental Priene o Asia minor? o Late 4 th century becomes vibrant community o City plan: grid o Example of the lingering of classical city but functions as Hellenistic city o Theater illustrates popularity of drama and tragedy; also seemed as location for meetins o 4 th century BC age in which individual with good speaking skills could impact public opinions Pergamon o Eventually became capital of kingdom: known as capital of Hellenism o Asia minor o Example of urban dueling with many states public space used for civil matters Miletos o Had very old foundation architects and engineers added building to st ructure Necropoleis- cemeteries; tombs looked like house/ temple o Hierapolis o Xanthus o Both are majestic and replica of city Megalamania o Em ulat ion of Alexander the Great became God after death o Comm ingling of various t radit ions: Persia, Egypt and Greece o Religious eclecticism: cult of ruler Halikarnassus o Western coast of Tu rkey; Caria o Mausoleum (tomb) destroyed by Crusaders o Mausoleus was king wife cont ributed Nem rud Dag o King of t igris o Two terraces: one in east, one in west: had temples Apamea o Best presented columned st reets would continue for miles mark off urban area; provided area for commercial activit ies o Different then agora; stores lined up o Local elites want to please king Trends o Orthogonal plan o Public squares; stoai, sanctuaries ( in and outside the city); their architecture and sculpture programs o City walls o Theaters o Buildings for officials; Prytaneion, St rategion, etc o Necropoleis- reappearance of grandiosity when it comes of dead o Roads and columned st reets- used for deployment of t roops o Religious and polit ical affirmat ions- cit ies created communit ies for different purposes ( religious) map out own commercial religious o Independence o Hellenist ic city and its blueprint The Et ruscans a civilizat ion that bloomed 9 th century BC and introduced urban culture in central I taly Et ruscans o Who?...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/07/2011 for the course CLASSICS 190 taught by Professor Mcglew during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 17

Classics Final Review - From Hellenism to Rome Begin: Fall...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online