02_history

02_history - CS 6 Topic 2: History of the Internet Networks...

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CS 6 Topic 2: History of the Internet
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Networks before the Internet • There were networks before the Internet. o 1940: One of the first instances of a message going from one computer to another, being processed, and returned to first computer. • So this is the history not of networking, per se, but of the massive global phenomena we know as the Internet today.
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Cold War • 1957 o USSR launches Sputnick. o USA creates Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). • 1962 o Scientists begin research to build a network that could survive a nuclear attack.
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ARPAnet • 1969 o 4 systems are linked using packet switching: UCLA Stanford UCSB University of Utah. • 1971 o ‘true’ email is created. o @ symbol chosen for addresses
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1969 - 1971 # of Computers on the Internet: 15
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• 1972 o ARPAnet expands to 23 locations. • 1974 o first use of term ‘Internet’. Abbreviation of
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This note was uploaded on 08/07/2011 for the course CS 006 taught by Professor Gustafson during the Summer '11 term at UC Riverside.

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02_history - CS 6 Topic 2: History of the Internet Networks...

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