Institutional Vision HBCU

Institutional Vision HBCU - Journal of Black Studies...

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http://jbs.sagepub.com Journal of Black Studies DOI: 10.1177/0021934707307828 2007; 2009; 40; 105 originally published online Oct 18, Journal of Black Studies Robert Abelman and Amy Dalessandro Universities The Institutional Vision of Historically Black Colleges and http://jbs.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/40/2/105 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at: Journal of Black Studies Additional services and information for http://jbs.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://jbs.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://jbs.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/40/2/105 Citations at CAL STATE UNIV LOS ANGELES on February 27, 2010 http://jbs.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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Journal of Black Studies Volume 40 Number 2 November 2009 105-134 © 2009 SAGE Publications 10.1177/0021934707307828 http://jbs.sagepub.com hosted at http://online.sagepub.com 105 Authors’ Note: The research reported here was partially funded by a grant from the National Academic Advising Association. The Institutional Vision of Historically Black Colleges and Universities Robert Abelman Cleveland State University Amy Dalessandro Kent State University Historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have been subjected to harsh criticism within the higher education community. A common theme is that the shared and archaic mission of these institutions compromises acade- mic standards and keeps individual schools from effective leadership and competing for financial resources and quality students. A content analysis of the mission and vision statements from HBCUs was performed, and key lin- guistic components found to constitute a well-conceived, viable, and easily diffused institutional vision were isolated. The prevalence of these compo- nents in comparison to other types of academic institutions is discussed, and ways in which this information can be used to address the current challenges facing HBCUs are presented. Keywords: historically Black colleges and universities; institutional vision; mission statements; rhetoric; content analysis I n the 1860s, land-grant college provisions were enacted by Congress to foster educational opportunity for newly freed African Americans. Nineteen land-grant institutions were organized and were initially non- degree-granting agricultural, mechanical, and industrial schools. In 1965, Congress introduced an institutional aid program (20 USC 1060) ear- marked to facilitate the expansion of historically Black colleges and uni- versities (HBCUs)—that is, any historically Black school whose principal mission was, and is, the education of Black Americans (Provasnik, Shafer, & Snyder, 2004). Today, there are 105 HBCUs. Although they represent a diverse set of institutions in 19 states, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands, most are 4-year institutions in the southern United States.
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Institutional Vision HBCU - Journal of Black Studies...

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