Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling 2

Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling 2

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Recall Bowles and Gintis e Sociohistorical Context of Antebellum America In 1860: e 20% of Americans lived in cities larger than 2,500 e 7 in 10 Workers were agricultural or mining In 1900 e 40% of Americans lived in cities larger than 2,500, but e The Urban Population Grew 700% (by 1890) By 1920s/30s e 50% of Americans lived in Urban Centers e Only 3 in 10 workers were agricultural/mining e US transformed from agrarian to urban, centralized state, bureaucratic, and industrial society
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Mass Educational Expansion a Rural Phenomenon Not Industrialization/Urbanization e Educ. Enrollments Early, e As high in rural areas (if not higher) e State Control Weak e Not Linked to Bureaucratization A Social Movement Implementing a Common Nation-Building Ideology e Encased in Evangelical Theology e Redeemer Nation e ‘City on the Hill’ e 19 th Century Entrepreneurial Spirit e Not corporate…small business e Glorifying Property… e Embedded in Growing World Market e The Individual
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Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling 2

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