Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling

Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling...

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Recall Bowles and Gintis Sociohistorical Context of Antebellum America In 1860: 20% of Americans lived in cities larger than 2,500 7 in 10 Workers were agricultural or mining In 1900 40% of Americans lived in cities larger than 2,500, but The Urban Population Grew 700% (by 1890) By 1920s/30s 50% of Americans lived in Urban Centers Only 3 in 10 workers were agricultural/mining US transformed from agrarian to urban, centralized state, bureaucratic, and industrial society
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Mass Educational Expansion a Rural Phenomenon Not Industrialization/Urbanization Educ. Enrollments Early, As high in rural areas (if not higher) State Control Weak Not Linked to Bureaucratization A Social Movement Implementing a Common Nation-Building Ideology Encased in Evangelical Theology Redeemer Nation ‘City on the Hill’ 19 th Century Entrepreneurial Spirit Not corporate…small business Glorifying Property… Embedded in Growing World Market The Individual Capitalism/Nation-Building Not State-Run
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Lecture 4-5_School Expansion and The Variation in Schooling...

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