analog electronics - Fifth Edition, last update January 18,...

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Unformatted text preview: Fifth Edition, last update January 18, 2006 2 Lessons In Electric Circuits, Volume III – Semiconductors By Tony R. Kuphaldt Fourth Edition, last update January 18, 2006 i c ° 2000-2006, Tony R. Kuphaldt This book is published under the terms and conditions of the Design Science License. These terms and conditions allow for free copying, distribution, and/or modification of this document by the general public. The full Design Science License text is included in the last chapter. As an open and collaboratively developed text, this book is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MER-CHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the Design Science License for more details. Available in its entirety as part of the Open Book Project collection at: www.ibiblio.org/obp/electricCircuits PRINTING HISTORY • First Edition: Printed in June of 2000. Plain-ASCII illustrations for universal computer readability. • Second Edition: Printed in September of 2000. Illustrations reworked in standard graphic (eps and jpeg) format. Source files translated to Texinfo format for easy online and printed publication. • Third Edition: Printed in January 2002. Source files translated to SubML format. SubML is a simple markup language designed to easily convert to other markups like L A T E X, HTML, or DocBook using nothing but search-and-replace substitutions. • Fourth Edition: Printed in December 2002. New sections added, and error corrections made, since third edition. ii Contents 1 AMPLIFIERS AND ACTIVE DEVICES 1 1.1 From electric to electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Active versus passive devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.3 Amplifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.4 Amplifier gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.5 Decibels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.6 Absolute dB scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1.7 Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2 SOLID-STATE DEVICE THEORY 15 2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.2 Quantum physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.3 Band theory of solids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.4 Electrons and ”holes” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.5 The P-N junction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.6 Junction diodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2.7 Bipolar junction transistors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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This note was uploaded on 08/07/2011 for the course ECE 209 taught by Professor Arif during the Summer '11 term at National Institute of Technology, Calicut.

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analog electronics - Fifth Edition, last update January 18,...

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