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ap08_human_geo_sgs - AP Human Geography 2008 Scoring...

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AP ® Human Geography 2008 Scoring Guidelines The College Board: Connecting Students to College Success The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 5,400 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges through major programs and services in college admissions, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT ® , the PSAT/NMSQT ® , and the Advanced Placement Program ® (AP ® ). The College Board is committed to the principles of excellence and equity, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns. © 2008 The College Board. All rights reserved. College Board, AP Central, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation. All other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Permission to use copyrighted College Board materials may be requested online at: www.collegeboard.com/inquiry/cbpermit.html. Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.com. AP Central is the online home for AP teachers: apcentral.collegeboard.com.
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AP ® HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 2008 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 Von Thünen’s model of land use and Burgess’ model of land use are similar in appearance but different in their geographic setting. Analyze and discuss the two models in terms of each of the following: Part A (1 point) For each of these models, identify the type of land use the model addresses. Acceptable answers (both are required) Von Thünen: agricultural, farming, or rural Burgess: urban, city, or a minimum of two descriptors Note: Students may receive credit for this answer if reference is made elsewhere in part B or part C to Burgess, along with words descriptive of urban land use (e.g., “residential” or “housing” and “manufacturing” or “warehousing”). But, students cannot use the same point twice . Part B (2 points) Identify two assumptions that are shared by both models. Any two of the following Isotropic flat plain or uniform surface; featureless Importance of centrality (e.g., accessibility to market; CBD) Individuals maximize profit/minimize costs/maximize use—“highest and best use” Transportation costs are proportional to distance in all directions Single market or CBD (e.g., isolated state) Part C (4 points: 1 point for the identification of each of the models’ effects, and 1 point for each of the two explanations) For each of these models, explain how relative location affects land-use patterns.
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