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Psych Notes- Chap 1 and 2

Psych Notes- Chap 1 and 2 - psychology should study only...

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Chapter One/ Two vocabulary Psychology- ?? Structuralism-school of thought based on the notion that the task of psychological is the analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Functionalism- school of thought based on notion that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness. American Psychological Association- sets regulations to ensure that both human and animal subjects are treated with dignity. Introspection- the careful, systematic observation of one’s own conscious experience. Natural Selection- inherited characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be “selected” over time. Behaviorism- a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific
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Unformatted text preview: psychology should study only observable behavior. • Psychoanaylsis/ Psychoanalytic theory- attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior. • Applied Psychology- the branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems. • Behavior- any observable response or activity by an organism. • Stimulus- . . • Gestalt Psychology- . . • Nature vs Nurture • Unconscious & Conscious-• Humanism- theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth. • Clinical psychology-branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders. • Cognition- mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge....
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