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Unformatted text preview: ESPM 50: Final exam review – Unit IV Spring 2011 The final exam primarily addresses material from Unit IV. But you are responsible for concepts and themes from other units. The exam is 20% of your final grade, and you will have three hours to complete it. The format is as follows: • 1 compare / contrast question (two choices) • 1 short answer question (two choices) • 1 essay questions (two choices) • Extra credit questions Key themes : • Immigration: push, pull, means, demography • Federal, state, local policy: immigration/naturalization; civil rights; property rights; etc. • America’s Takaki “errand into the wilderness”—convenient term to describe something unique to American west. Ideology of colonoial control of natural resourses and development rather than conquest like manifest destiny; territory is already under control and now its time to develop it; morally charged idea manifest destiny—other races are written out of the story; errand into wilderness need for low wage labor resources; focuses at different lengths; incoorperated into this project of waged labor system; errand – means of transforming nature but not through lookean labor but through capital; agrarian myth; cultural and physical transformation of nature; property rights are essential but agrarian myth the land goes to individual where here it goes to capital investory; CAPITALIST investment in a class labor system • Capitalist mode of production: labor, race and capital -- different nature, resources are concentrated in remote locations, need to transform nature in a significant way; concentrated way of financial resources and technologies; highest wages in the world when there is a labor shortage • Divide and control strategies--- different roles and skills and groups and status; recruip mex, jap and phil to undermine Chinese; leads to waves of immigration • Social construction of the Other • Cultural identity / heritage / networks • Socioeconomic mobility: wage labor and entrepreneurship • Niche production Immigration • Rural migration- migration from a rural area to a city, SE china, South Japan, areas of Philliphines, people disposed from the land for some reason or another, or driven off the land ; move to cities, first step to emigration • Sojourn / Settlement – forms of emigration; sojourn is a round trip (Chinese immagrants planed come and make money then go to return home to family and village), Japanese immigrants less emphasis on returning, wanted to make settlement communities which leads to chain migration; labor recruitment, family based networks • Chain migration- cycle of money 1 • Chinese and Japanese: push factors (Chinese-land tendency is divisible, divisible inheritance, population growth 76%, opium war, British imperialism trying to control textile markets, taxing to pay back British, flooding) (Jap- modernization of economy, development of industries, high level of education interested in going over sea, encouragement from government for select people to represent...
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- Spring '09