ch8(1) - AbnormalPsychology Ch8:MoodDisorders Overview...

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Abnormal Psychology Ch 8: Mood Disorders
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Overview Uni polar Depression How common? Symptoms Diagnosis Causes of Uni polar Depression Biological viewpoint Psychological viewpoints Sociocultural viewpoints Bi polar Disorders Symptoms of MANIA Diagnosis Causes?
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Mood Disorders: Key emotions Mania Depression State of breathless  euphoria Frenzied energy Exaggerated belief that  the world is theirs for  the taking Sad, low state Life seems dark Challenges  overwhelming
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Mood Disorders: one or both? UNI polar BI polar Only suffer from one:  Depression No history of mania Return to normalish  mood when depression  lifts Unipolar  mania  rare to non- existence Periods of mania Alternate with periods of  depression
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Additional ingeniousness: http://www.marriedtothesea.com
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Unipolar Depression How common???? (adults) Per year: 5% mild; 7% severe At some point in life: 17% Rates are similar in other countries – e.g., Canada, England,  France, Japan, Mexico, Germany, Lebanon Median age of onset: 34  (U.S.); drops with every generation Gender: Females = 2x Men Women: 26% in lifetime; Men: 12% in lifetime No differences across SES, ethnic groups, etc. Prognosis: 50% recover in 6 weeks; 90% within a year (with or without  treatment) Most have relapse (at least 1x)
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Unipolar Depression: SYMPTOMS Emotional Motivational Behavioral Cognitive Physical
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Uni Dep Symptoms: EMOTIONAL Feel sad and dejected They feel “miserable,” “empty,” and “humiliated.” Lose sense of humor Get little pleasure from anything Anhedonia  = inability to experience pleasure at all Anxiety, anger, agitation Crying spells
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Uni Dep Symptoms: MOTIVATIONAL Loss of desire to pursue usual activities Lack of drive, initiative, and spontaneity Have to “force self” to do daily activities So uninterested in life, death is only option 6-15% of depressed commit suicide
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Uni Dep Symptoms: BEHAVIORAL Less active Less productive Spend more time alone Stay in bed for long periods of time “I’d awaken early, but I’d just lie there – what was the use  of getting up to a miserable day?” Move, speak more slowly
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Uni Dep Symptoms: COGNITIVE Negative self-concept, self-esteem Inadequate, undesirable, inferior, evil Blame self for all bad things, events, etc. not related to self Do not accept credit for positive achievements Pessimism Nothing will improve Helpless Procrastinate (b/c what’s the point) Hopelessness; suicidal Cognitive capacity Confused; memory issues Easily distracted; unable to focus Poorer reasoning skills
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course PSYC 2230 taught by Professor Hayes during the Summer '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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ch8(1) - AbnormalPsychology Ch8:MoodDisorders Overview...

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