ch9 - AbnormalPsychology Ch9: Overview Tr eat ment s for...

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Abnormal Psychology Ch 9: Treatments for Mood Disorders
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Overview Treatments for Unipolar Depression Psychological Approaches Sociocultural Approaches Biological Approaches Comparison Treatments for Bipolar Disorders Lithium and Mood stabilizers Adjunctive Psychotherapy
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Current Topics Charlie Sheen http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5aSa4tmVNM British: Kerry Katona Side effects of medication http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q7mgN12J7UA
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Mood Disorders Easiest (of all disorders) to treat
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Treatment for Unipolar Depression
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Unipolar depression disorder Usually associated with other disorders 1/3 of persons with unipolar depression receive treatment from mental health professional Most of therapy revolves around it
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Psychological Approaches Psychodynamic Therapy Not particularly effective but widely practiced Behavioral Therapy Effective for mild depression, but practiced very little Cognitive Therapy Very effective and widely practiced
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Psychodynamic Therapy Depression results from unconscious grief over real / imagined losses; dependence on others; Free association; interpret client’s associations, dreams, displays of resistance / transference Goal: Gain awareness of problem; be less dependant on others; better coping Long-terms Transition from therapeutic insight to real-life change? Effectiveness? Yes – some case studies (but only occasional) No – techniques too subtle (lack of client motivation); too long-winded; Short-term psychotherapy more effective than long-term Best if cause of depression is childhood trauma, etc.
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Behavioral Therapy Cause: rewards in person’s life Modeled after Lewinsohn’s theory (ch. 8) Therapists: Reintroduce depressed clients to pleasurable events and activities; Appropriately reinforce their depressive and nondepressive behaviors Contingency management approach reward only positive behaviors, not negative Help them improve their social skills (reduce negative behaviors that contribute to social problems) Group therapy programs for improving social skills (improve eye contact; facial expression; posture) Effectiveness: Best when multiple techniques applied (including cognitive) ….
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Cognitive Therapy: Beck Beck’s theory Maladaptive attitudes; cognitive triad; illogical thinking; automatic thoughts Beck’s technique Recognize and change negative cognitive processes; improve mood 4 phases Increasing activities and elevating mood Challenging automatic thoughts Identifying negative thinking and biases Changing primary attitudes Effectiveness?
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