ch10 - AbnormalPsychology Ch10:Suicide Greatscene...

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Abnormal Psychology Ch 10: Suicide
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Great scene Rules of Attraction (serious) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3GAwi34vHyQ
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Overview What is suicide? What triggers a suicide? What are the underlying causes of suicide? Is suicide linked to age? Treatment
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What is suicide? A self-inflected death in which one makes an  intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end one’s  life– unique to humans Unsuccessful attempt: par suicide Not in the DSM (not tied to any specific disorder) 4 kinds of suicidal people: Death seekers Death initiators Death ignorers Death darers
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Suicide: How is it studied? Retrospective analysis (s/he is dead) Like a psychological autopsy Relatives, friends, etc. included Suicide note? But, biased… or unavailable info Studying people who have survived their suicide  attempts 8-20 non-fatal suicide attempts for every 1 fatal suicide Differences between survivors versus non-survivors?
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Suicide: Patterns and statistics Rates vary across countries High  rates (20  suicides per 100k persons): e.g., Russia,  Germany, Austria, Denmark, China, Japan Low  rates (fewer than 5  per 100k): e.g., Egypt, Mexico,  Greece, Spain In between: Canada, U.S., England Based on religious beliefs (e.g., Catholic, Jewish, and  Muslim have low rates) Religion Rates decrease as individual’s devoutness increase
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Suicide: Patterns and statistics (cont’d) Gender Women: 3x men (attempts); Men: 3x women (success); Means: men more violent (weapons); women (pills) Guns 2/3 male suicides; 40% women Marital status, relationships, etc. No close friends (50% in one study) Divorced: higher Minorities versus majority In U.S., majority has higher suicide rate (2x minorities) Exception: Native Americans (even in Canada)
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What triggers a suicide? Stressful events and situations Mood and thought changes Alcohol and other drug use Mental disorders Modeling: The Contagion of Suicide
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Stressful events and situations Suicidal: 2x more stress in past year compared to  non-suicidal (depressed)  Long-term (after stress) : combat stress; war veterans: 2x  suicide rate of non-veterans Immediate stress
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course PSYC 2230 taught by Professor Hayes during the Summer '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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ch10 - AbnormalPsychology Ch10:Suicide Greatscene...

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