ch11 - Abnormal Psychology Ch 11: Eating Disorders Overview...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psychology Ch 11: Eating Disorders Overview Anorexia Nervosa The Clinical Picture Medical Problems Bulimia Nervosa Binges Compensatory Behaviors Bulimia versus Anorexia What causes eating disorders? Psychodynamic Cognitive Mood Disorders Biological Societal Pressures Family Environment Multicultural: Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Differences Treatment Anorexia Bulimia Anorexia Nervosa: Overview DSM: Refusal to maintain body weight above a minimally normal weight for age and height I ntense fear of gaining weight, even though underweight Disturbed body perception, undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low weight I n postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea (i.e., no menstruation) Anorexia Nervosa: Overview (cont’d) Restricting-type anorexia nervosa versus binge- eating / purging-type anorexia nervosa Gender 90-95% of cases = female Peak age of onset 14-18 years old More common in Western countries (.5-2% of all females) On the rise in North America, Europe, and Japan I nitiation Begins after person who is slightly overweight (or normal) has been on a diet… it escalates into anorexia when triggered by stressful event Recovery Majority, but 2-6% become seriously ill and die Anorexia Nervosa The Clinical Picture Medical Problems Anorexia: Clinical Picture Key goal: thinness Motivation: FEAR (of becoming obese, giving into desire to eat, losing control over size / shape of body) PREOCCUPATI ON WI TH FOOD Spend considerable time thinking, reading about, and planning their limited meals; dream of food / eating Most likely due to starvation (i.e., starvation study with non- anorexics) Distorted thinking (i.e., cognition) Low opinion of body shape, consider self unattractive, overestimate actual proportions Test: Photo of self with adjustable lens Beliefs and attitudes: “I can avoid guilt by not eating”; perfectionists Disorders Low self-esteem, depression, anxiety (esp. OCD), insomnia, substance abuse Anorexia: Medical Problems Amenorrhea absence of menstrual cycles Lowered body temperature, blood pressure Body swelling Reduced bone mineral density Slower heart rate Metabolic / electrolyte imbalances Can lead to death via heart failure or circulatory collapse Dry, rough, cracked skin, nails brittle Hands and feet cold / blue Loss of scalp hair; lanugo on trunk, extremities, Bulimia Nervosa: Overview “binge-purge syndrome” Binge : usually an hour; eat more food than most during that time Compensate : purge (“purging- type bulmia”) or fasting / frantic exercise (“nonpurging-type bulimia”) DSM: 1) Recurrent episodes of binge (over-) eating 2) Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors in order to prevent weight gain 3) Symptoms continuing, on average, at least twice a week for 3 months 4) Undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation Bulimia Nervosa: Overview (cont’d)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course PSYC 2230 taught by Professor Hayes during the Summer '11 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

Page1 / 41

ch11 - Abnormal Psychology Ch 11: Eating Disorders Overview...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online