ch16 - Personality Disorders Ch. 16 Topic Overview...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Disorders Ch. 16 Topic Overview Classification via DSM Odd Personality Disorders Dramatic Personality Disorders Anxious Personality Disorders Multicultural Factors: Research Neglect Problems with DSM categories Better Classification Systems? Personality Disorder DSM An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individuals culture, with at least 2 of the following areas affected: Cognition Affectivity Interpersonal functioning Impulse control Pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations Pattern is stable and long-lasting , and its onset can be traced back at least to adolescence or early adulthood Significant distress or impairment Overview - Stats 9-13% of all adults have personality disorder How are personality disorders different from the other types weve discussed Overtime : Stable and long-standing versus periods of improvement and changes in intensity Diagnosis and Classification: DSM: Axis II (versus I) Though there is comorbidity b/w I (short-term) and II (long-term) E.g., Avoidant personality more prone to social phobia Complications effectiveness of treatment for Axis I disorders (e.g., anxiety; depression) Classification method used has been controversial (e.g., DSM) more later P.S. PHRENOLOGY is ALL THE RAGE Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) held that the brain consist of distinct portions, each responsible for some aspect of personality Personality assessed by feeling bumps and indentations on a persons head Classification via DSM Odd Personality Disorders Paranoid Schizoid schizotypal Dramatic Personality Disorders Antisocial Borderline Histrionic Narcissistic Anxious Personality Disorders Avoidant Dependent OCD - personality Odd Personality Disorders Odd eccentric behaviors similar to but not as extensive as schizophrenia But, related to schizophrenia, so part of schizophrenia- spectrum disorders Paranoid Schizoid schizotypal ODD: Paranoid Personality Disorder Deeply distrust others, suspicious of their motives So, shun close relationships Trust in own ideas, abilities can be excessive Expectations: Look for hidden meanings (belittling or threatening) in everything (e.g., see others intentions as hostile; see anger as appropriate response) Inaccurate and inappropriate, but not delusional (i.e., split from reality) Critical of weakness and fault...
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ch16 - Personality Disorders Ch. 16 Topic Overview...

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