Hispanic American Diversity

Hispanic American Diversity - Running head: HISPANIC...

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Unformatted text preview: Running head: HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 1 Hispanic American Diversity Stacy J. Clark ETH/125 Cultural Diversity August 3, 2011 Hillari Sasse Axia College of University of Phoenix HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 2 The ‘American Dream’ has brought people from many nations to the shores and interior of the United States. Some came here seeking political asylum, while others came here to escape the poor economic and social conditions in their own countries. Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and Panamanians are no exceptions. These groups of peoples are usually lumped together as Hispanics or Latinos in the society of the United States, even though their cultures may be completely different from each other. Hispanics are the fastest growing immigrant population in the United States (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). As of 2006, the United States Census Bureau (2011) estimated that more than 44 million people in the United States are of Hispanic descent, and that by 2050 they will comprise almost one quarter of the population. As of 2002, most Hispanics live in Florida, New York, California, Texas, and Illinois, but their influence is everywhere in the United States (Schaefer, 2006, p.237). The 2010 Census also shows an increase of 43% in Hispanic Americans in the United States since 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). The linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions or statuses of these four Hispanic American groups will be discussed in this essay. During the Mexican-American War, between 1846 and 1848, Mexico lost nearly half of its territory to the United States, from Texas to California (US-Mexican War, 2006). In 1854, the United States purchased another 30,000 square miles of Mexican land for $10 million so the transcontinental railway could be finished (Englekirk, n.d., The Mexican-American War. para.3). Nearly 80,000 Mexicans lived on the lands the United States won or purchased from Mexico, and those who remained were guaranteed citizenship after two years (Englekirk, n.d., The Mexican-American War. HISPANIC AMERICAN DIVERSITY 3 para.4). Mexican Americans are the largest group of Hispanic Americans (Englekirk, n.d., Acculturation and Assimilation, para.2). Some Mexican Americans may be able to trace their ancestry back 10 generations; therefore they keep their distinctive cultural ways and language (Englekirk, n.d., Acculturation and Assimilation, para.1). Mexicans immigrate to the United States constantly, which reinforces certain aspects of Mexican culture and the use of the Spanish language instead of English (Englekirk, n.d., Acculturation and Assimilation, para.1). As of the 2000 census, nearly 75% of Mexican Americans spoke Spanish at home (US Census Bureau, 2011). The English-Only Movement has made bilingual education harder to come by in elementary and secondary schools in the United States (Thompson, 2008). There has been a continuous growth of Spanish language enterprises that cater to the Spanish-speaking community, such as Spanish-language media and small businesses (Englekirk, n.d., community, such as Spanish-language media and small businesses (Englekirk, n....
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course ETH 125 taught by Professor Jameshenderson during the Spring '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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Hispanic American Diversity - Running head: HISPANIC...

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