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GG 102 Lecture notes

GG 102 Lecture notes - GG102 Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th...

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Unformatted text preview: GG102: Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th Definition: examine the spatial distribution of human features and activities and impacts on the environment Practical definition: • What is where describing • Why where explaining and understanding • And why care impact Jan 10 th Basic tools and concepts • Mental maps • Location, space, place, region, distance, diffusion • GPS, GIS Cultural geography Mental Maps (MM) • What is a mental map? o In theory : cognitive images representing a person’s perceptions, feelings, memories, meanings, and knowledge of a location o Not just spatial knowledge! o Practical : some you see in your mind’s eye when you think of a place/area o The most common tool is called sketch maps • Basic elements o Paths (roads, walkways etc) o Nodes (natural feature, buildings, statue, favourite item) o Land marks o Districts (layout, space, area) o Text & images (meanings, feelings, stories, experiences) o Boundaries Sketch maps in practice • A tool for representing a persons MM • Tend to look like traditional maps and be: o Simplified o Distorted o Incomplete Sketch map weaknesses • Too focused on nodes, routes and landmarks • Poorly capture o Meaning and experiences o Interconnections of information o Underlying creation process • Jan 12 th , 2011 21:32 What good are mental maps? Jan 12 th , 2011 21:32 • Are the “true” basis or all human behaviour and activities o Navigation o Consumer decisions o Residential choice o Images of city districts o Place marketing o Emotional attachment to places o Sense of identity and belonging Key concepts in HG • Describing the earth: o Space Areal extent on earth’s surface o Location Particular position in space o Place Location that has some sort of identity o Region Large area with similar traits/characteristics • Distance o Decay o Friction of… o Interaction • Diffusion Location, location, location • Relative o Relative to something else Close to university of waterloo • Absolute o Address Longitude or latitude GPS – how it works • Receivers • 24 satellites orbiting the earth • triangulation • Jan 17 2011 21:32 GIS : modern day maps + powerful analysis techniques Jan 17 2011 21:32 • Geographic Information System What is a GIS? • An automated system for the capture storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data • It is made up of layers of data o Customers o Streets o Parcels o Elevation o Land usage o Real world Vector vs. Raster • Raster – grid • • Vector Jan 17 2011 21:32 o Points • Aka nodes • Can represent anything • Assign X and Y coordinate • attributes can be assigned o Quantitative (population)...
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GG 102 Lecture notes - GG102 Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th...

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