GG 102 Lecture notes

GG 102 Lecture notes - GG102: Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th...

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Unformatted text preview: GG102: Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th Definition: examine the spatial distribution of human features and activities and impacts on the environment Practical definition: What is where describing Why where explaining and understanding And why care impact Jan 10 th Basic tools and concepts Mental maps Location, space, place, region, distance, diffusion GPS, GIS Cultural geography Mental Maps (MM) What is a mental map? o In theory : cognitive images representing a persons perceptions, feelings, memories, meanings, and knowledge of a location o Not just spatial knowledge! o Practical : some you see in your minds eye when you think of a place/area o The most common tool is called sketch maps Basic elements o Paths (roads, walkways etc) o Nodes (natural feature, buildings, statue, favourite item) o Land marks o Districts (layout, space, area) o Text & images (meanings, feelings, stories, experiences) o Boundaries Sketch maps in practice A tool for representing a persons MM Tend to look like traditional maps and be: o Simplified o Distorted o Incomplete Sketch map weaknesses Too focused on nodes, routes and landmarks Poorly capture o Meaning and experiences o Interconnections of information o Underlying creation process Jan 12 th , 2011 21:32 What good are mental maps? Jan 12 th , 2011 21:32 Are the true basis or all human behaviour and activities o Navigation o Consumer decisions o Residential choice o Images of city districts o Place marketing o Emotional attachment to places o Sense of identity and belonging Key concepts in HG Describing the earth: o Space Areal extent on earths surface o Location Particular position in space o Place Location that has some sort of identity o Region Large area with similar traits/characteristics Distance o Decay o Friction of o Interaction Diffusion Location, location, location Relative o Relative to something else Close to university of waterloo Absolute o Address Longitude or latitude GPS how it works Receivers 24 satellites orbiting the earth triangulation Jan 17 2011 21:32 GIS : modern day maps + powerful analysis techniques Jan 17 2011 21:32 Geographic Information System What is a GIS? An automated system for the capture storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data It is made up of layers of data o Customers o Streets o Parcels o Elevation o Land usage o Real world Vector vs. Raster Raster grid Vector Jan 17 2011 21:32 o Points Aka nodes Can represent anything Assign X and Y coordinate attributes can be assigned o Quantitative (population)...
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This note was uploaded on 08/10/2011 for the course GEO 102 taught by Professor Kristy during the Spring '11 term at Waterloo.

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GG 102 Lecture notes - GG102: Human Geography 21:32 Jan 5th...

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