Tambora - Tambora eruption of 1815 led to the “Year...

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Unformatted text preview: Tambora eruption of 1815 led to the “Year without a summer” (1816) Tambora is one of a series of dangerous andesite volcanoes along a subduction zone Tambora That subduction zone also produces very large earthquakes The resulting tsunami killed more than 225,000 people Dec 26, 2004 M9 The 1815 Tambora eruption was the largest and deadliest in recorded history Eruption Year Column heigth VEI Temp anomaly Fatalities (N. hemi) Mount Vesuvius Taupo Baekdu Kuwae Huaynaputina Tambora Krakatau Santamaría Katmai St. Helens El Chichón Nevado del Ruiz Pinatubo 79 30 5 ? >2000 186 969 1452 1600 1815 1883 1902 1912 1980 1982 1985 51 25 ? 46 43 25 34 32 19 32 27 7 6–7 6 6 7 6 6 6 5 4–5 3 ? ? 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.3 none 0.4 none ? none ? ? 1400 > 71,000 36,600 7,000–13,000 2 57 > 2,000 23,000 1991 34 6 0.5 1202 This eruption ejected more than 150 million tons of dust into the atmosphere The dust reflected sunlight back into space and cooled the earth June snow, cold nights in both July and August, widespread frost around New England on the 89th July and damaging frosts on the August 22 from interior New England south into North Carolina led to crop failures and food shortages This cooling affected all of the northern hemisphere and led to famine in Europe In July 1816 "incessant rainfall" during that "wet, ungenial summer" forced Mary Shelley, John William Polidori and their friends to stay indoors for much of their Swiss holiday. They decided to have a contest, seeing who could write the scariest story, leading Shelley to write Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus, and Polidori to write The Vampyre. ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course GEOS 1004 taught by Professor Aksinha during the Fall '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Tambora - Tambora eruption of 1815 led to the “Year...

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