RLG100- Lecture 6 - why a lot of its elements the way they...

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Judaism Covenant Diaspora Hebrew Bible Babylonian Exile The Second Temple Haggadah/Halakhah Torah Tanakh Mishnah Talmud Midrashim Synagogue Rabbinic Judaism Rabbi Sephardim/Ashkenazim Hellenization Zionism Moses Maimonides Saadia ben Joseph Hasidism Sects of Judaism Rabbi Akiba Apocalyptic consciousness Zealots Essenes Rise of Judaism Like other religions didn't grow up in vacuum, appeared against backdrop of Mesopotamian (and later Babylonian) civilizations. Mesopotamia: - polytheistic/pantheistic religions - cosmogonic myths - myths about creation of universe; universe resulted from sexual union of 2 gods (male+female) coming together; -anthropomorphic gods (a lot of Gods/goddesses of different moral and spiritual cues)
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- associated with elements of nature, that were divinized; -powerful fertility goddesses were worshipped to achieve fertility of earth as well as humanity Jewish (' Hebrew ' tradition) arose at a backdrop of this culture of many gods , so that is
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Unformatted text preview: why a lot of its elements the way they are. Judaic ideas were therefore unique in the time . Major doctrines: 1. monotheism E ARLY MONOTHEISM was not as concretely defined as the later. Early Jewish monotheism was the commitment to worship one God. Later, over course of history: assertion that there IS only one God (and that is monotheism as we understand it today). Notions trying to move away from God being anthropomorphic: 2. Early Hebrews asserted God transcended notion of sexuality: he has no need to copulate with other beings to create universe - is self-sufficient; beyond sexuality. Beyond ideas of male or female 3. God is not capricious or jealous; not erratic/arbitrary/idiosyncratic in nature. God is good + concerned with wellfare of universe 4. God's relationship with nature was that of creator and created. ie nature is no longer divinized, rather God is its author....
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RLG100- Lecture 6 - why a lot of its elements the way they...

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