RLG100- Lecture 12 - Second Temp le J u da ism S E C O N D...

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Unformatted text preview: Second Temp le J u da ism S E C O N D T E M P L E J U D A IS M Take almost 150years to rebuild the temple - completed in 515BCE . Second Temple Judaism will go unt il 70CE when the temple is destroyed again. I nc l udes He l len ist ic-H asmonean Per iod: 331BCE-64BCE 331 BCE - conquest of the area (Israel) by the Greeks (Alexander). Greek word " Hellenizo " - 'I speak Greek' or 'I learn to speak Greek' Greeks were military powerful but also culturally influential. Jewish community greatly influenced by Greek philosophy, culture, aesthetics, sports etc -- Greek became official language (and remained major language of trade even when Romans moved into the region); ppl started calling ppl by Greek names, some ppl even stopped circumcision Hellenization especially prominent for people living outside of Israel - the Diaspora: most prominent in Mediterranean + Mesopotamia; in Alexandria in Egypt - for example, Jews adopted Greek names + dresses By 3rd century BCE Bible had to be translated to Greek ("...
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RLG100- Lecture 12 - Second Temp le J u da ism S E C O N D...

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