RLG100 - Lecture 31 - 3 . I slam a nd C rusades ANOTHER...

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3. Islam and Crusades A NOTHER MAJOR FACTORS INFLUENCING C HRISTIANITY IN M IDDLE A GES WAS I SLAM . → C ONCERN WITH ' THE ENEMY AT THE BORDER ' WAS IMMEDIATE FOR POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS LEADERS IN E UROPE (I SLAM STARTS IN 7 TH CENTURY W / T M OHAMMAD AND EXPANDS EXTRAORDINARY OVER E UROPE , by 8th century Islam took over big chunks of Asia, Middle East, Spain, is advancing into France), AND ALSO EXPANDS TO COVER H OLY L AND THAT WAS PREVIOUSLY OCCUPIED BY B YZANTINE E MPIRE . - H UGE CONCERN WITH THIS BUT NOTHING REALLY DONE ABOUT IT AT FIRST - M EDIEVAL C HRISTIANITY VIEWS H OLY L AND AS ITS OWN BELONGING AND HAVING A RELIGIOUS RIGHT TO IT . O NCE IT COMES UNDER I SLAMIC CONTROL C HRISTIAN EXPECTATIONS OF ACCESS TO H OLY L AND HAVE TO CHANGE . - I SLAM HAD A POLICY OF RESPECT FOR PEOPLE OF THE BOOK - J EWS AND C HRISTIANS . TH EY WERE THUS ALLOWED SAFE PASSAGE TO AND FROM H OLY L AND . S O PILGRIMAGE WASN T AN ISSUE . - T
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This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course RLG 100 taught by Professor Pearly during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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