Jainic Tradition: Community → composed of all groups: monks/nuns; lay males + females - together called tirthas ; oldest religion to have an order of nuns very early on (at conception) - in fact, early on nuns outnumbered monks - a lot more women started taking on ascetic orders. →Split of community:- after the death of Mahavira the community comes together and tries to maintain the pattern of ascetic practice - 4th century bce councils (ie one meeting in Patna) fail to resolve conflicts regarding original Jain doctrine and by 6th century Svetabmbara officially separates through establighing own scripture.- eventually, the tradition splits into 2 broad groups/2 sects: Svetambara (white-clad - so in ascetic practice they wear white clothing) and Digambara (sky-clad - don’t wear clothing). Similarities:-both follow ascetic practices, after Mahavira-both maintain that original Jain texts called purvas were lost.-both discourage scripture reading alone without ascetic practice, as well as scripture reading alone
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 08/09/2011 for the course RLG 100 taught by Professor Pearly during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto.