In your answer

In your answer - 1) In the early fourteenth century, the...

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1) In the early fourteenth century, the painter Giotto introduced significant changes to the Byzantine-influenced world of Italian painting. How did Giotto break free from the Italo-Byzantine style of thirteenth-century Italian painting to become the “first” painter of the Italian Renaissance? Be sure to use examples to support your answer. During 14 th century, humanism was the fundamental to the development of the Italian Renaissance. Giotto of Florence made a much more radical break with the past than any other artist did. Giotto was recognized as the first Renaissance painter, in pursuing a naturalistic approach to representation based on observation. Three examples will be considered to compare the changes: Berlinghieri’s Saint Francis Altarpiece, Cimbue’s Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets, and Giotto’s Madonna Enthroned. In Berlinghieri’s Saint Francis Altarpiece, Saint Francis is depicted in frontal pose with golden background. He is depicted in formal frontal view. The golden background gives spiritual view. He is wearing brown sac like clothes, and holding a rope with three knots. His clothes fall down straight. There are drapery folds shown with dark lines. The perspective of St. Francis is flat, does not project outward. His feet look like floating on the ground, giving the kind of spiritual dimension. While Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets, the golden background is continuation from Byzantine works of art. Figures’ heads are titled to the side and facing to the viewers. The golden marks on drapery of Virgin Mary show the continuation of folds on drapery. However, here Cimabue has shown three dimensionality of drapery, naturalism. It is showing the natural way that drapery folds and depth of clothes. He constructed deeper space for Madonna and surrounding figures. The Virgin’s throne is receding back into space. Prophets looking upward from beneath create the sense of depth, and also odd perspective of prophets looking upward. Giotto’ Madonna Enthroned has golden background continuation. Madonna is not shown as a slender figure, she is shown weighty, queenly mother. She is sitting within Gothic throne with pointed arch. Figures are depicted full bodies and solid masses. There is floor
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In your answer - 1) In the early fourteenth century, the...

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