Psy_-_Operant_Conditioning_-_Chapt_5

Psy_-_Operant_Conditioning_-_Chapt_5 - OPERANT CONDITIONING...

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OPERANT CONDITIONING Definitions: - Operant Conditioning forms an association between a behavior and a consequence. Also called Response-Stimulus. It forms an association between the animal’s response (behavior) and the stimulus that follow (consequence). Classical Conditioning forms an association between two stimulus. It is reflexive (example: salivating). Operant Conditioning is non-reflexive (example: gambling). Operant Cond attempts to predict non-reflexive, more complex behaviors, and the conditions in which they will occur. - Operant Conditioning encourages us to behave in ways that exert influence or control over our environment. Example : When a rat learns that by pressing a lever gets more food, it has been operant conditioned to push the lever. When a child screams and gets her way, she has been conditioned the same way - Operant Conditioning can be defined as a type of learning in which voluntary behavior is strengthened if it is reinforced. It is weakened if it is punished (or not reinforced) -
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