Infant Lecture 10

Infant Lecture 10 - Infant Lecture 10 February 21, 2007 Not...

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Infant Lecture 10 February 21, 2007 Not On Exam 1: Chapter 6: Infancy Cognitive Development Piaget [came up with one of the most developed models of cognitive developments of children, biologist] Stages of Piaget Model 1. Sensory Motor Stage - birth to about 2 years 2. Preoperational - 2 to about 7 years, corresponds to early childhood and beginnings of middle childhood 3. Concrete Operational Stage – 7-11 years [Switz 13 years] [adults 25-30% don’t get out of this stage, they have difficulty with hypothetical situations and variables] 4. Formal Operation - 11 to adult [need formal applications like in college] Sensory Motor Stage [infant begins to form mental representations of the world, and during the course of infancy develops ability to have complex picture of past events [memory] and by the end of infancy [24 months] the infant can solve problems through mental trial and error rather than by manipulating] What’s happening between 24 months where reflexes turn into infant mastering the world? - Broken into 6 Sub stages- [in italics is what we learned in previous chapters-like a review] 1 Reflexes ; birth through 1 month- child is behaving through reflexes, in constant distress when not sleeping, can only have reflexes and rotate head back and forth, no mental imaging of world in head, infant may begin to modify when reflexes occur through classical conditioning ~ child has a bungle of reflexes at this age of development 2 Primary Circular – 1 to 4 months, primary because infant is focusing on body, circular because repeated actions, reflexes are organized into larger and integrated behavior [example: may hold onto rattle and bring it to mouth] ~child is able to move its head 3 Secondary Circular reactions - 4 th to 8 th month of development, secondary because focus is on objects outside of body, still circular because tends to be repeated behaviors, by 8 th month child will track object till it leads visual field, child may repeat actions that they find pleasurable [may take rattle or bottle and repeatedly bang it on table etc] Calls children at this stage : Little Scientist –Piaget ~language wise the child can coo and initiating babblings, and with mental representations the child may have a sense of memory/object permanence 4 Secondary Schemes - 8 th to 12 th month, here the child begins to coordinate secondary
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This note was uploaded on 08/10/2011 for the course CHEM 160:161 taught by Professor Siegel during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Infant Lecture 10 - Infant Lecture 10 February 21, 2007 Not...

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