Infant Lecture 15

Infant Lecture 15 - Infant Lecture 15 March 21, 2007...

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Infant Lecture 15 March 21, 2007 Temperament Chess and Thomas came up with 3 general categories: Difficult - represents about 10 % of children that Thomas and Chess sampled, these children have an irregular pattern of sleeping and eating, therefore they are less predictable than easy temperament children, when change occurs they are very slow to adapt to changes, tend to respond negatively Easy- have very regular patterns or feeding or sleeping, fairly predictable, adapt easily to new situations, and they’re generally cheerful [in original studies of Chess and Thomas 40% of children fit this easy style] Slow to warm up - 15%, little bit of characteristics of easy and difficult, somewhat irregular schedule, sometimes predictable sometimes not, when faced with new experience initially they have a negative reaction and so overtime they then adapt Temperamental styles tend to stay with person because they are biological predisposition to daily life and change. Sometimes mismatch between expectation of parent and biological predisposition of child- same house, same family, but different expectation…. ~so different types of treatment of parent to child affects attachment [anxious or ambivalent if difficult child when easy expected?] Stranger anxiety - between 6 and 9 months, its norm, its really a fear, around 6-9 months cognitively we have object permanence coming into play, so until you know what the world is you cant know you’re facing a stranger, so before it it cant be afraid of strangers, older infants show distress in the presence of a stranger, this fear peaks at 12 months and declines for a while, between 18 and 24 months it re-emerges, between 18 and 24 months sense of self is developing, so as the child begins to develop self concept stranger anxiety develops, [so two peaks are between 9-12 and 18-24] *********This chapter will be overrepresented on final********* Autism- impairments in 3 areas, 1. communication skills – maybe impaired in receptive language, but def impaired in
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Infant Lecture 15 - Infant Lecture 15 March 21, 2007...

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