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Module 29 - Module 29 Thinking Objective 29-1 Define...

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Module # 29: Thinking Objective 29-1: Define Cognition - Our brain receives, perceives, stores, and retrieves information. - Thinking, or cognition , refers to all the mental activities associated with processing, understanding, remembering, and communicating. - Cognitive psychologists study these mental activities - Homo sapiens: “wise humans” CONCEPTS: Objective 29-2: Describe the roles of categories, hierarchies, definitions, and stereotypes in concept formation - We form concepts, mental groupings of similar objects, events, and people. Ex: “chair” includes many things (rocking chair, high chair, ect.) - To simplify things further we organize concepts into categories or ‘hierarchies’. - We form some concepts by definition, i.e. when a rule is told to us that explicitly states a truth. - - most often, we generate concepts by developing prototypes - mental images or a ‘best example’ that incorporates distinct features that we associate with a category.
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