final notes

final notes - Test5notes 19:06 Deviance o / o o Standard

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Test 5 notes 19:06 Criteria for Abnormality Deviance: o Does the person’s behavior fall outside the normal range of behavior? Every culture has social norms/expectations and not meeting them is  considered to be abnormal o But what is ‘normal’ in one society is not always in another o Standards for deviance also change over time. For ex: in the past century  homosexuality was taken off the list of mental disorders o For these reasons, deviant behavior isn’t typically enough to diagnose a  person with a disorder Maladaptive behavior o Does the person’s behavior interfere with personal and social adaptation Personal distress o Does the behavior cause personal anguish or discomfort? One may have a psychological disorder if any one of the criteria are met;  though people usually meet more than one Classification of Psychological Disorders Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, IV TR: revised 4 and a  half times; compiled by prominent members of psychology community o Classification system is published by the American Psychological  Association o Lists of 200 psychological disorders o Used to diagnose psychological disorders by assessing specific symptoms  and matching them to certain criteria Causes? Diathesis-stress Model: o States that a disorder is caused by a combination of inherited biological  predisposition and environmental stressors
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Biopyschosocial approach o Disorders are the product of biological influences, psychological influences  and social-cultural influences Anxiety Disorders: class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive  apprehension and anxiety Very common, 19% of people will have this disorder at some point in their  lives 5 main types: o Generalized Anxiety Disorder: chronic, high level of anxiety not tied to any  specific threat Common symptoms: Feeling on edge and tense Fatigue and sleep disturbances Difficulty concentrating Irritability Physical symptoms: trembling, upset stomach, dizziness and  sweating Onset: occurs gradually in childhood or adolescence but can begin in  adulthood More common in women Lifetime prevalence or likeliness to appear at some point during the  lifetime: 5% of people o Phobic Disorder: persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation  that presents little or no real threat; accompanied by increased  physiological arousal Most adults realized their fear is irrational, but still cannot remain calm  around object There are many types of phobias o Panic Disorder: characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming  anxiety that occur suddenly and unexpectedly
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This note was uploaded on 08/10/2011 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

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final notes - Test5notes 19:06 Deviance o / o o Standard

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