This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Paralangauge : vocal but nonverbal aspects of speech; Use your voice but don’t use words - Vocal qualities : background characteristics of a speakers’ voice: pitch tempo rhythm- Vocal segregates: like the actually sounds of language but not actually words; substitutes for words- Vocal fluences: uncodified sounds; used to fill gaps of silence in conversations; sound we make like “uhh” - Vocal qualifiers : using your voice to modify your utterances; indicating ones emotional state; speaking in high volume, increase in intensity; intensity conveyed by a clip or a draw (lack of intensity); EMOTION IS KEY- Vocalizations : like nodding, yawning, crying, belching, sighing, nose clearing i. Talking through swallowing: fear ii. Talking through yawning: boredom- Silence/pauses : pregnant pause for effect; or silent treatment (more powerful than any words she can convey); may be to express reverence for a religious figure; also used as a means of give and take in conversations as role of speaker and listener i. Pause can be culturally variable - Paralanguage involves a message treatment like volume i. How you say something to the extent of use of voice without words ii. Key in sarcasm iii. Accents: different paralingual elements; despite predictions that we’d all be speaking the same in the US, accents do still persist in different areas of the country Space: use and perception of social space; spatial arrangement can tell you something about leadership—someone up front is a leader; can convey power and importance (every Sunday grandma sat at the head of the table) - Personal space is important—we are comfortable with a certain distance surrounding use as we move about in our day; protective bubbles that surround us i. The amount of personal space we are comfortable with does vary according to a variety of factors: sex, status, roles, relationships , culture (US about 3 feet, in Asian cultures maybe 3.5 feet; French stand closer than Americans, Persians stand closer), gender (males take up more personal space than woman), in crowds (contagious effect ii. Looking at family pictures, you can determine the family relationships based on how they stand in pictures Beside the bed doctor: concerned about patient; foot of the bed doctor: concerned about patient’s condition (lack of involvement) - Territoriality—how we use territory, we are territorial animals; map out our territories i. Home court advantage ii. In police reports, lots of fights between neighbors who are angry about the other neighbor encroaching on their territory; feuds on the...
View Full Document
- Spring '08