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Comm 10 Week 9 Notes

Comm 10 Week 9 Notes - Paralangauge:; words...

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Paralangauge : vocal but nonverbal aspects of speech; Use your voice but don’t use  words  - Vocal qualities : background characteristics of a speakers’ voice: pitch tempo  rhythm - Vocal segregates:  like the actually sounds of language but not actually  words; substitutes for words - Vocal fluences:  uncodified sounds; used to fill gaps of silence in  conversations; sound we make like “uhh”  - Vocal qualifiers : using your voice to modify your utterances; indicating ones  emotional state; speaking in high volume, increase in intensity; intensity  conveyed by a clip or a draw (lack of intensity); EMOTION IS KEY - Vocalizations : like nodding, yawning, crying, belching, sighing, nose clearing  i. Talking through swallowing: fear ii. Talking through yawning: boredom - Silence/pauses : pregnant pause for effect; or silent treatment (more  powerful than any words she can convey); may be to express reverence for a  religious figure; also used as a means of give and take in conversations as  role of speaker and listener  i. Pause can be culturally variable  - Paralanguage involves a message treatment like volume  i. How you say something to the extent of use of voice without words ii. Key in sarcasm iii. Accents: different paralingual elements; despite predictions that we’d  all be speaking the same in the US, accents do still persist  in different  areas of the country  Space:  use and perception of social space; spatial arrangement can tell you  something about leadership—someone up front is a leader; can convey power and  importance (every Sunday grandma sat at the head of the table) 
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- Personal space is important—we are comfortable with a certain distance  surrounding use as we move about in our day; protective bubbles that  surround us i. The amount of personal space we are comfortable with does vary  according to a variety of factors: sex, status, roles, relationships ,  culture (US about 3 feet, in Asian cultures maybe 3.5 feet; French  stand closer than Americans, Persians stand closer), gender (males  take up more personal space than woman), in crowds (contagious  effect ii. Looking at family pictures, you can determine the family relationships  based on how they stand in pictures  Beside the bed doctor: concerned about patient; foot of the  bed doctor: concerned about patient’s condition (lack of  involvement)  - Territoriality—how we use territory, we are territorial animals; map out our  territories i. Home court advantage ii. In police reports, lots of fights between neighbors who are angry  about the other neighbor encroaching on their territory; feuds on the 
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