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Running head: CASE SUDY: LIFE DEVELOPMENT OF A 4-YEAR-OLD GIRL 1[Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines]
CASE SUDY: LIFE DEVELOPMENT OF A 4-YEAR-OLD GIRL 2[Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines]Development psychology looks at the life span of the individual broken down into the different developmental stages of life (Broderick & Blewitt, 2014). This case study looks at Dawn, a four-year-old African American igrl, who is in the preoperational stage of development. Dawn is the daughter of Bill and Terry. Bill is the sole provider for the home and works as a communications company manager. Terry is a stay at home mom, whose focus is on caring for her two children. Dawn’s relationship with her mother was a secured attachment. Dawn’s parentsdescribe her as a spirited, active, and outgoing child (Broderick and Blewitt, 2014). To help her socialize with children her age, Terry and Bill enrolled Dawn in a church based preschool program three days a week. Dawn is however the only African American child in this preschool program (Broderick and Blewitt, 2014). Terry gave birth to Dawn’s little brother Darren when she was three-years-old. When Dawn was three-years-old, Terry gave birth to another child, Darren. Dawn’s little brother was born with a congenital heart disease that takes up most of her mother’s attention and time now (Broderick & Blewitt, 2014). This case study suggests that Dawn is well tempered child according to her age and has shown no previous issues in preschool before the birth of her little brother, Darren. Recently, Dawn had an issue at her preschool program where she has been acting out by throwing things and refusing to participate in group activities. The main issue for Dawn’s difficulties is the sudden shift in her attachment with her mother from secured to insecure. A secondary challenge Dawn is facing is the change in her mother’s parenting style from authoritative to authoritarian. A final secondary challenge Dawn is difficulty with self-regulation due to stress at home. Improving the familial connection with her mother will help to improve her social and emotionalbehavior.
CASE SUDY: LIFE DEVELOPMENT OF A 4-YEAR-OLD GIRL 3Theories of the Life Span Development AttachmentChildren during infancy tend to develop attachments to their parents naturally. These attachments are meant to keep the child safe and loved. However, the type of attachment established is important for the well-being of the child. According Bowlby’s attachment theory, there are four types of attachment: securely, anxious ambivalent, avoidant, and disorganized-

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