M159 study guide

M159 study guide - ESSAY QUEST ION On the day of the exam,...

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Unformatted text preview: ESSAY QUEST ION On the day of the exam, you will be presented with these three essay questions. You get to choose which one you would like to answer. Your essay should be at least .5 pages but no more than 1 page long. A) Explain how specific theories or findings of studies from this class have influenced your views or increased your understanding of experiences in your personal life or those of your friends. Choose one or two of these theories or findings, describe them, and explain how they shaped your views. B) One of the BIG questions in social science is whether evolved predispositions generate significant sex differences in preferences and behavior, or whether social constructions can account for all observed sex differences. Based on evidence from this class and outside sources you might consult, what is your view on how evolutionary processes and social constructions influence sexual preferences and behavior? Support your views with theories, research findings, etc. C) How has material presented in this class shaped your thoughts about the effects of porn on individuals, relationships, or society more generally? Choose one or two of theories or research findings, describe them briefly, and explain how they shaped your views. Please be specific, and support your position with information from the readings and/or lectures. 1 Study Guide M159 Final Exam The final exam covers readings and lectures from classes 8 to 11. Attraction 1) Where do commonly held preferences/standards for evaluating physical attractiveness come from? In other words, why do we tend to find certain features attractive and others not so attractive? a. Describe the standard social science/sociocultural explanation. b. Describe the evolutionary psychological explanation. c. How can these perspectives complement each other? Is one or the other perspective particularly helpful in explaining some preferences?---which ones? 2) Which 3 components of physical attractiveness did Rhodes examine in her 2006 meta-analysis? From an evolutionary perspective, what desirable underlying qualities are these 3 components hypothesized to display? 3) What is SHR? What is WHR? What are some pieces of evidence that suggest that higher SHR is attractive in men, and lower WHR is attractive in women? Are these preferences universal? 4) What has research revealed about muscularity and slimness preferences in others vs. self? 2 5) What are some pieces of evidence that support the hypothesis that women are more attractive (particularly to men) near ovulation? Why, from an evolutionary perspective, would we expect this to be the case? 6) How early in life do we begin developing preferences for beautiful others, and how do we know (i.e. whats the evidence)?...
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M159 study guide - ESSAY QUEST ION On the day of the exam,...

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