AH THT(Isims) - Mary J Vigil ARTH 1101 Take Home Quiz Movements in Art History Define specific characteristics or traits that identify or help us

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Mary J. Vigil July 25, 2011 ARTH 1101 Take – Home Quiz Movements in Art History Define specific characteristics or traits that identify or help us understand each movement or period of time. Give at least one example including the artist’s name, title of the piece, the year or period in which it was made. 1) Paleolithic : The earliest undisputed art originated with the Aurignacian archaeological culture in the Upper Paleolithic. However, there is some evidence that the preference for the aesthetic emerged in the Middle Paleolithic , from 200,000 to 50,000 years ago. Some archaeologists have interpreted certain Middle Paleolithic artifacts as early examples of artistic expression. The main subjects of their artwork were animals due to their nomadic lifestyle. a Left Section of the “Lion Panel” . Chauvet Cave, Ardiche Valley, France. Circa 30,000 BCE. Page 5 2) Neolithic : The Neolithic period, also called New Stone Age, began when men first developed agriculture and settled in permanent villages. It ended with the discovery of bronze. The prime medium of Neolithic art was pottery. Other important artistic expressions were statuary of the universally worshiped Mother Goddess and megalithic stone monuments. Because they were no longer nomadic they now focused on People for their art works. a Woman and Cattle Rock Painting . Tassili n’ Ajjer, Algeria. Pastorlist style. Circa 5000 BCE. Page 319 3) Ancient Egyptian : Ancient Egyptian art reached a high level in painting and sculpture, and was both highly stylized and symbolic . Much of the surviving art comes from tombs and monuments and thus there is an emphasis on life after death and the preservation of knowledge of the past. In a more narrow sense, Ancient Egyptian art refers to the canonical 2nd and 3rd Dynasty art developed in Egypt from 3000 BC and used until the 3rd century. Most elements of Egyptian art remained remarkably stable over that 3,000 year period with relatively little outside influence. The quality of observation and execution started at a high level and remained near that level throughout the period. The art was stylistically rigid and used an idealized view of the perfect human. a Fragment of wall painted from Tomb of Nebamun . Thebes. Circa 1450 BCE. Paint on plaster. Page 327 4) Greek, Archaic : The earliest phases of a culture. Most frequently used by art historians to denote the period of artistic development in Greece from about 650 to 480 bc, the date of the Persian sack of Athens. During the Archaic period, Greek art became less rigidly stylized and more naturalistic. Paintings on vases evolved from geometric designs to representations of human figures, often illustrating epic tales. In sculpture, faces were animated with the characteristic “Archaic smile,” and bodies were rendered with a growing attention to human proportion and anatomy. The development of the Doric and Ionic orders of architecture in the archaic period also reflected a growing concern with harmonious architectural proportions. a
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This note was uploaded on 08/11/2011 for the course ARTH 1101 taught by Professor Baich during the Summer '11 term at Central New Mexico Community College.

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AH THT(Isims) - Mary J Vigil ARTH 1101 Take Home Quiz Movements in Art History Define specific characteristics or traits that identify or help us

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