final exam answers - Schlechter1 FINALREVIEWANSWERKEY

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Schlechter 1 FINAL REVIEW ANSWER KEY SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION: DEF  – 1) Links personal biography with structure and society.           2) Ability to connect individual biography with history and social      structure (helps to analyze magnified moments Idea of the sociological imagination (MILLS “The Promise”) Ability to link individual lives with 2 other things simultaneously parents lives) Private Troubles vs. Public Issues     : How people are viewed, what people think of themselves Private Troubles       From personal milieu (environment)  “Values cherished by an individual are felt by him to be  threatened” Example: 1 person fails midterm = look at factors  (attendance, lack of reading) Example: before economic crisis unemployment =  laziness Public Issues (SOCIETY CARES MORE ABOUT THESE)     From institutional arrangements “A crisis in institutional arrangements” Example: 50 people fail midterm = look at factors (swine  flu) Example: after economic crisis unemployment = viewed  differently 1. Culture : a shared way of life. Two types below. a. Material (stuff) b. Symbolic (ideas, language, knowledge, gestures…norms) 2. Structure : relatively stable framework of interaction 3. Institutions : Societal sub-systems (often regarding basic needs) a. Government, economy, religion, sport WHAT IS THE “PARADOX OF HUMAN (GROUP) LIFE”? =
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SOC 102 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE, F ’09:  2 DEF  – 1) (individual choices are patterned (free will), similar but contradictory,  people feel trapped)   2) People make choices  BUT  their choices are patterned What 3 social phenomena account for the paradox? 1. Culture     A shared way of life Purpose: sets cultural standards, the “norms” Allows us to create  different identities and ways of living. A guide of what is “normal”  and what’s isn’t. Norms     : (social rules) what is seen as “normal”, sets standards…  Originates from society. Nacirema     : Sociologists use the term to examine aspects of the  behavior and society of American people  (aka the culture).  Extremes of human behavior, culture which focuses on the  human body; extreme ceremonies and rituals, “human body is  ugly”’ and it’s natural tendency is debility and disease.  Seeing Holistically --- seeing the whole rather than the individual parts. TYPES
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final exam answers - Schlechter1 FINALREVIEWANSWERKEY

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