Of all the Hispanic groups in America, Cuban Americans are only third in numbers to Mexican
Americans and Puerto Ricans (Schaefer, 2006).
According to the United States Census Bureau, there are
311,308,619 men, women, and children living in the United States as of May 7, 2011.
Of this number,
roughly 45,500,000 of them are Hispanic, and 1,600,000 of that Cuban Americans with majority living in
Spanish is their national language and they identify them as either Roman Catholics or
When Cuban immigrants first set foot in America, there were entering a nation committed to
combating communism and blessed with a president.
These early Cubans had no problems or quarrels
with their host communities and enjoyed a good relationship with them.
It was not until more recent
times that conflicts between Cuban Americans and other American communities have increased.
instance, there has been a long standing conflict between Cuban Americans and African Americans in the
state of Florida, largely due the Cuban’s political and economic involvement in the area (mostly Miami),
thus becoming the dominant ethnic community of that region.
Cuban Americans have acquired an enormous amount of wealth and prosperity in an extremely
short period; no other immigrant group has achieved this as quickly as the Cubans. Many immigrants
have never achieved it, despite being in this country far longer than Cubans. Second-generation Cuban
Americans received a better education than even Anglo-Americans. More than 26.1% of second-
generation Cuban Americans had a bachelor's degree or better versus 20.6% of Anglos. Thus Cuban
Americans in 1997 were approximately 25% more likely to have a college degree than Anglos. Other
Hispanic groups lag far behind. Only 18.1% of South Americans had a bachelor's or better. Puerto Ricans,
despite being U.S. citizens by birth, recorded a disappointing 11%; Mexicans only 7%. In 1997, 55.1% of
second-generation Cuban Americans had an income greater than $30,000 versus 44.1% of Anglo-
Americans. Thus Cuban Americans are approximately 20% more likely to earn more than $30,000 than
their Anglo-American counterparts. All other Hispanic groups lag far behind in average income. In 1997,
36.9% of second-generation Cuban Americans had an income greater than $50,000 versus 18.1% of
Anglo-Americans. Cuban Americans were twice as likely to earn more than $50,000. Also, approximately
11% of Cuban Americans had incomes greater than $100,000 versus 9% of Anglo-Americans, and less
than 2% of other Hispanics. Cubans comprise less than 4% of the U.S. Hispanic population, Mexicans
65%, Puerto Ricans 10%, Central and South Americans 11%, and "others" 10%, yet of the top 100 richest
Hispanics in the United States, more than 50% are of Cuban descent (10 times what it should be on a
population basis), and 38% of Mexican descent. The rest is scattered among all other Hispanic groups