Notes April 6 exam 3

Notes April 6 exam 3 - Appendix has no function, is hollow....

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Appendix has no function, is hollow. Sometimes food gets impacted there and gets an infection (appendicitis). Caecum- enlarged in horses, humans, apes All Herbivores Caecum- bacteria digests cellulose Starch Blockers- compounds which inhibit the breakdown of starches in the small intestines. Beans, Peanuts As a result- bacteria in the large intestine break down the starches to produce methane gas. Commercial products which interfere with starch blockers Beano Functions of the Liver Receives all of the blood from the small intestines Takes glucose>>>glycogen. Glucose and amino acids= forming fat. Amino acids to different amino acids Produces Bile Breaks down RBC’s and recycles Hemoglobin Bile is green= breakdown product of hemoglobin Deamination of Amino Acids Produces Urea Relatively Non-toxic Detoxifies Poisons Alcohol as well as medications Synthesizes blood proteins Plasma= other proteins Adaptations of Herbivores The problem: cellulose of plants cannot be digested by animal systems; cells must be crushed to extract cytoplasm. ` Flat grinding teeth
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Fermentation- Some animals have adaptations to allow the food to ferment and bacteria then digest the cellulose Expanded Caecum from intestine Ruminant Stomach- 4 chambered stomach Rumen breaks down the cellulose
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Notes April 6 exam 3 - Appendix has no function, is hollow....

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