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The Truth About The Slavery EnglishLiterature EssayThere are two sides to every story and the same thing goes for History. Theslavery is a dark stain on the idea of America – created to be a place ofequality and freedom, for a long period of time the country’s economydepended on the constant import of slaves from Africa. From the perspectiveof a person living in the 21st century this is obviously an evil but looking atthe American literature of the 19th century we can see that the enslavementof a race was seen as a necessity and defended by both politicians and theChurch, and the suffering of these people was often discarded, as they werenot proper human beings but mere animals, cheaper and more easilyreplaceable than a horse or a dog.Both Melville and Stowe address the issue of slavery but their approachesare quite different. In "Benito Cereno"the slaves are reduced to savages, truenot so much because of their race, but because of the cruelty of thesituation. Both blacks and whites are so dehumanized and deformed that thenovella could be discarded as pure fiction if it wasn’t based on true historicalevents. There is nothing good, or light, or nice in those humans, there’s nosuch thing as a "happy slave "or a "good master"and no kindness is leftunpunished. On the other hand "Uncle Tom's Cabin"is a book filled withkindness and grace, good and understanding people and its main characteris the epitome of a good obedient Christian who is more willing to lose his lifethan to be cruel or to betray his master. But this story is also based on truefacts and events. So maybe the truth about the slavery can be foundsomewhere in the middle.The first thing that strikes the reader in "Benito Cereno" is the attitude ofCaptain Delano towards the slaves. He does not hate them, he is not cruel orunkind, and in fact we are left with the impression that he quite likes them.But he does not see them as humans; it is more of the benevolent attitude ofa person towards dogs. (Babo is compared to a loyal Shepard dog.) And thesame way some people keep dogs but mistreat them, the kindness towardsslaves is more of a personal preference than an obligation towards anotherhuman being. Same thing can be seen if we read between the lines "UncleTom's Cabin". There the "bad guys" can be easily spotted; they are soblatantly evil that seem almost too much. In that sense Mr. Haley is notunlike Captain Delano – he thinks himself humane and kind for he is not ascruel as he can be, but this is only because it makes his job much easier and

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