Notes 3-31 exam 3 - Ch.9 Gender Stratification Gender Roles...

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Ch.9 Gender Stratification Gender Roles: Tasks and activities that society assigns to each sex Sex: One’s Biological Identity Gender- One’s social identity Male (XY chromosomes) Female (XX chromosomes) Gender roles are social constructions Masculine: dominant, competitive, logical, self-confident, and aggressive Feminine: Submissive, Emotional, Dependent, Nurturing, and Affectionate Gender roles are learned through socialization Parents- names, appropriate gifts, bedroom painting Schools- boys more likely to call out answers Peers- feminine boys and masculine girls are ridiculed Media- permits for having sex or murdering a female prostitute in Grand Theft Auto Harlequin book (160 million sold; 1/3 of all trade books sold in US and Canada) depict women as sexually passive- men in the Gender- related behavior is not solely due to Biology Margaret Mead’s work in New Guinea (1950) Gender roles are not fixed at birth US women in selected occupations 2002: women as percentage of all workers in the organization Underrepresented- 3% fire fighter, 4% AIRPLANE PILOTS etc.
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