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Lec42_43_IPMi_DevelopCo_05D - IPM in Developing Countries V...

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IPM in Developing Countries V What is a Developing Country? The United Nations compiles a list of the least developed countries each year These are some of the poorest, least economically developed countries in the world Examples include: Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad Congo, Djibouti, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, and Mali Mali is our example for this lecture In West-central Africa About 11 million people 45% of economy is agriculture 80% of labor force in agriculture and fisheries H What’s Different about Developing Countries? Human population often grows fast Human lifespan is shorter (48 years Mali, 75 years US) Infant mortality much higher (about 11% in Mali) Per capital annual income less than $1000 (U.S.) per year Subsistence farming is common Cultural & religious aspects play large role Products, expertise, & infrastructure not well developed No USDA to develop IPM; no Extension to teach IPM No Environmental Protection Agency for safety Much of Gross National Product into defense Government may not be stable or democratic Repressive? Resistant to any changes? Strict controls? Idi Amin (left), ruthless dictator in Uganda, 1962-1979. V
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Mali as an Example of a Developing Country Only about 2% of the land is useful for cultivation, about 25% for pasture land Top crops Cotton Peanuts (called groundnuts locally) Sorghum Age structure: About 47% of population is 0-14 years old Religion Although 90% of the people are Muslims, nearly 10% still adhere to traditional African religions; a tiny minority are Christians.
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