Final Review

Final Review - Intro to Primates Study Guide Definitions...

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Intro to Primates Study Guide Definitions: Resource Holding Potential: access to resources, determined by rank (the social relationship between two individuals based on a competitive difference in resource holding potential) Dominant: a higher ranking individual, access to resources, win fights and interactions to obtain access, the ability of one individual to intimidate or defeat another in aggressive or competitive interactions (not always linear, pairs of individual sometimes form friendly alliances that allow them to prevail over a third individual that is dominant to both under other circumstances) Subordinate: has to wait to access desired resources, loses fights and interactions Conciliatory Signs: bi-directional signals that indicate friendliness in males such as lip smacking, come hither look, grunts, M-M presenting Submissive Signs: only subordinate (uni-directional), females, grimace, bare teeth on display, tail up display, F-F presenting, fear bark Threat signals: uni-directional, only dominant supplants subordinate, useful as it occurs at high levels, easy to observe o Redirected aggression: target of supplant will then go onto supplant a lower ranked individual Youngest Daughter Ascendancy: the daughter assumes rank position immediately below the mother but above the older sister Female Bonded Groups: predominate social system in primates, strong bonds between / among related females competing with other females for food and resources Sexual Consortships: males form temporary sexual consortships were they follow females around and prevent other males from mating with them as well as support female in fights Friendships: between lactating females and males, no copulations but females and infants gain protection and males may gain future mating potential with female friend Dispersing Sex: the sex whose members leave their natal group upon reaching maturity and breed elsewhere
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Philopatric sex: the sex whose members stay in their natal group (where they were born) or area and breed there Home Range: an area an animal concentrates its activities to Territory: a home range that is actively defended Sexual Bimaturism: a development of sexual “maturity” in males taking two forms o Some males develop large body size and secondary sexual characteristics o Other males do not develop these characteristics or large body size even though they are sexually mature o Presence of large male inhibits development of secondary sexual characteristics in other males o Hormonally based Behavioral Polymorphism: two male reproductive strategies based on bimaturism: o “sit and wait:” done by a large, flanged males with secondary sexual characteristics and receptive females generally seek out and copulate with these males o “search and find:” done by smaller males without secondary sexual characteristics, if they avoid direct competition with large males and remain quite and quick, these males engage in forced copulations (rape) more than
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Final Review - Intro to Primates Study Guide Definitions...

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