Study Guide for Midterm for Jewish Art

Study Guide for Midterm for Jewish Art - Julianna Ritter 1....

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Julianna Ritter 1. Entry – Jewish Art Object 1a, Mosaic Floor of Synagogue Artist (or City, Geographical Area) Beit Alpha Synagogue, Israel Location Israel, reproduction in the Jewish Art Museum, New York Dating 6 th century Material mosaic Measures Description (Max 100 words) The mosaic features a centralized Helios, the Sun God in a chariot carried by creatures (perhaps horses). Around Helios is a circle of the twelve Zodiac symbols. In each corner of the mosaic a woman is depicted sitting on the braided border of the Zodiac wheel. Comments (Max 300 words – Min 200) There is a Greek influence to the mosaic with pagan motifs, such as the Pagan God and Zodiac symbols. The four women on the corners most likely represent the four seasons or Jewish months, inscribed with Hebrew writing. Because it is in a Synagogue, the mosaic is a basic Jewish element in antiquity. This Jewish art depicts Jewish pride mixed with pagan and Byzantine influence (such as the gold tiling in the Mosaic). The art is reminiscent of folk art, perhaps implying a strong sense of the Jewish community. The exterior of the Synagogue is much simpler than then rich interior.
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Bibliography Jewish Museum, New York 2. Entry – Jewish Art Object Birds Head Haggadah Artist (or City, Geographical Area) Germany Location Israel Museum, Jerusalem Dating 1300, 14 th Century Material Parchment and Ink Measures Description (Max 100 words) Hand drawn and hand painted scripture is bordered by figures with bird heads. The figures are decorated in saturated colorful robes and seem to be passing around bread. One figure near the bottom is chasing an animal. A figure near the top left is being handed the Torah from the hands of God. The Hebrew Scripture is placed in the center of the pages, each line starting with a larger text indicating its importance. Comments (Max 300 words – Min 200) In the Jewish religion, the first word is the most important word and this is why there is an emphasis on the larger texts. The hands in the top left corner handing the Torah is an important emphasis on the religious context. Because of the iconoclasm, this was one of the acceptable ways of depicting God in religious art. The bread is most likely a symbol for the Torah. Although in some cases the picture does not always match context of the scripture, this Haggadah does, reinforcing its message. The figures are most likely female and the heads are replaced with bird like features in order for the male viewers not to
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become distracted. This was very common in Germany. The figure receiving the Torah is probably Moses. One way of interpreting this Haggadah is of a child’s journey in the Jewish spiritual realm: the passing of bread, the reading and receiving of the Torah – all parts of the rights of passage. Bibliography
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2011 for the course ART HIST 212 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Study Guide for Midterm for Jewish Art - Julianna Ritter 1....

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