plant_structure_terminology

plant_structure_terminology - BIOL120 Plant Structure...

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BIOL120 Plant Structure Terminology 1. Cell wall: Rigid structure surrounding protoplast, which is made up primarily of cellulose a. Primary cell wall: First cell wall synthesized, which is made up primarily of cellulose and can expand b. Secondary cell wall: Thickened, rigid cell wall made up primarily of lignin. Occurs in only some cell types later in development of that cell 2. Protoplast: Plasma membrane and cell contents a. Central vacuole: Membrane bound organelle used for storage and recycling b. Chloroplast: Membrane bound organelle used for photosynthesis c. Organelles in common with animal cells: Nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi body, mitochondria, ribosomes (not technically an organelle), peroxisomes 3. Root system: Generally the below ground parts of the plant a. Root (organ): Below ground organ used for anchorage, storage, transport, and absorption i. Tap root: A deep root often found in dicots ii. Lateral root: A root branch iii. Fibrous root: iv.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course BIOL 120 taught by Professor Laporte&shillington during the Fall '08 term at Eastern Michigan University.

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plant_structure_terminology - BIOL120 Plant Structure...

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