Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - FinalStudyGuide 17:13 KansasNebraskaAct...

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Final Study Guide 17:13 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854, opened area in heartland to possible spread of slavery by repealing  Missouri Compromise settlers determine status of slavery in these territories by popular sovereignty o most democratic way to decide o middle ground positions between free soil on one hand and southern pro- slavery on the other abolished any Native American’s rights to the land divided land into Kansas and Nebraska in hopes of reaching statehood soil not good for farming, so south upset because they know states will  probably be free/ cause power to offset in congress designed by Stephen Douglas, hoped it would ease relations in North and  South (thought south could expand slavery/north had right to abolish slavery  in their states; was wrong) when law was passed, anti-slavery and pro-slavery advocates rushed to land  to effect first election held there opposing legislatures in Kansas, violence soon erupted and nicknamed  “bleeding Kansas” as death toll rose Republican Party, created in opposition to the act, aimed to stop expansion of  slavery (dominant force in north now) o Split democratic and know-nothing party into 2 major political parties  (north republican, south democratic) Divided the nation and pointed toward Civil war Second Party System Change from the 1 party rule of the era of good feeling 1828-1854 Characterized by rapidly rising levels of voter interest in 1828, shown in  election day turn out, rallies, partisan newspapers, and high degree of  personal loyalty to party Major Parties: o Democratic: led by Jackson; dominant in the south; against abolition and  temperance (so jobs were safe); thought US bank corrupted; government  should respond to popular opinions of the people; state’s rights
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o Whigs: coalition of national republicans; led by Clay; federal aid to internal  improvements, Bank of US, high tariffs on imported goods (encouraged  internal economy’s independence) o Free Soil: republicans 1848 and 1852 elections; slavery posed threat to  country’s well-being; appeal rested with free labor which would lead to rise  economically; hated no class movement in South Reflected and shaped political, social, economic and cultural currents of the  Jacksonian Era Came about primarily because of Jackson’s determination to destroy 2 nd  Bank  of the US Van Buren: recognizes strict north/south lines being formed was a disaster  (health of nation as a whole was doomed) o Wants to create true political parties (believed way they work- hierarchical  positions that stretch down to all people- were necessary to making 
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Final Study Guide - FinalStudyGuide 17:13 KansasNebraskaAct...

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