History Notes 2

History Notes 2 - HistoryNotes2 17:58 MARCH17...

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History Notes 2 17:58 MARCH 17 Martin Van Buren and the Second Party System MVB: politician/political party leader from NY elected to senate in 1821 o ‘gift’ was immensely talented political strategist  o little formal education o recognizes strict north/south lines being formed were a political disaster (if  kept going this way, health of nation as a whole was doomed) o wants to create true political parties (believed the way they work today-  with hierarchical positions than stretch down to all parts of people- were  necessary to making democratic system work) o insisted that competition between parties was good; also were inevitable o wants to create a political party that expands from north and south; and go  back to small businessmen/land owners/etc. The Corrupt Bargain  o A lot of scandals from his life, so as campaign in 1824, seen as a hot  head/military man o Immensely popular with general public somehow, wins popular vote and  electoral vote but did not win- everyone assumes won elected but 99  electoral votes not enough to get him to win o Clay offered to get all of his votes to vote for Adams if Adams elects Clay  Secretary of State o Adam’s presidency seen as illegitimate Whigs and the American System o Adam’s presidency sees Whig party come about; mostly led by Clay o Proposes: Federal aid to internal improvements (canals, roads, etc) to improve  communication and trade Support for the Bank of the United States High tariff on imported goods because believes should support  manufactured goods produced domestically to not be dependent on  international goods
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Democrats and the Popularization of Politics o Jackson convinced he has been robbed of presidency and argues  government should be responsive to will of popular majorities  o Also, such popular democracy was, by nature, opposed to self interest o Begin to see more broad-based democracy: o Eastern states that kept property requirements for voting after revolution  began substituting poll taxes for voting requirements; expands base of  people who could vote o More office positions were turning to elected positions in stead of  appointed; voting for electoral college positions for example o Ordinary people have much bigger effect on politics o Politics began to seem increasingly relevant to life o Rise in mass campaigning began- bbq’s with lots of liquor to encourage  people to support their candidates o Ordinary people becoming more involved in politics (few free African  American men also) Andrew Jackson o New men who now have say in government  (common white man) all love 
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This note was uploaded on 08/16/2011 for the course HIST 2111 taught by Professor Winship during the Fall '08 term at UGA.

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History Notes 2 - HistoryNotes2 17:58 MARCH17...

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